Human alpha-fetoprotein, AFP-L3 ELISA Kit

Catalog No.: BZEK2429
Size: 96T
Range: 100 ng/L - 1600 ng/L
Sensitivity: 10 ng/L
Application: For quantitative detection of AFP-L3 in human serum, plasma, tissue homogenate or cell culture supernatant.
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Price: $120.00

  


Catalog No.: BZEK2429


Size: 96T


Range: 100 ng/L 1600 ng/L


Sensitivity: 10 ng/L


Storage and Expiration: Store at 2-8℃ for 6 months. 


Application: For quantitative detection of AFP-L3 in human serum, plasma, tissue homogenate or cell culture supernatant.


Introduction

In oncology, AFP-L3 is an isoform of Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), a substance typically used in the triple test during pregnancy and for screening chronic liver disease patients for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). AFP can be fractionated by affinity electrophoresis into 3 glycoforms: L1, L2, and L3 based on the reactivity with the lectin Lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA). AFP-L3 binds strongly to LCA via an additional α 1-6 fucose residue attached at the reducing terminus of N-acetylglucosamine; this is in contrast to the L1 isoform. It is the L1 isoform which is typically associated with non-HCC inflammation of liver disease condition. The L3 isoform is specific to malignant tumors and its detected presence can serve to identify patients whom need increased monitoring for the development of HCC in high risk populations (i.e. chronic hepatitis B & C and/or liver cirrhosis). AFP-L3% is now being considered as a tumor marker for the North American demographic.


Principle of the Assay  

This kit was based on standard sandwich enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay technology. The purified anti- AFP-L3 antibody was pre-coated onto 96-well plates. And the HRP conjugated anti- AFP-L3 antibody was used as detection antibodies. The standards, test samples and HRP conjugated detection antibody were added to the wells subsequently, mixed and incubated, then, unbound conjugates were washed away with wash buffer. TMB substrates (A & B) were used to visualize HRP enzymatic reaction. TMB was catalyzed by HRP to produce a blue color product that changed into yellow after adding acidic stop solution. The density of yellow is proportional to the AFP-L3 amount of sample captured in plate. Read the O.D. absorbance at 450nm in a microplate reader, and then the concentration of AFP-L3 can be calculated.


Kit components

1. One 96-well plate pre-coated with anti- human AFP-L3 antibody

2. Standard: 0.5ml (3200 ng/L)

3. Standard diluent buffer: 1.5 ml

4. Wash buffer (30×): 20 ml. Dilution: 1:30

5. Sample diluent buffer: 6 ml

6. HRP conjugated anti- human AFP-L3 antibody (RTU): 6ml

7. Stop solution: 6 ml

8. TMB substrate A:  6ml

9. TMB substrate B:  6ml

10. Plate sealer:   2

11. Hermetic bag:  1


Material Required But Not Provided

  1. 37℃ incubator
  2. Microplate reader (wavelength: 450nm)
  3. Precise pipette and disposable pipette tips
  4. Automated plate washer
  5. ELISA shaker
  6. 1.5ml of Eppendorf tubes
  7. Absorbent filter papers
  8. Plastic or glass container with volume of above 1L

Details